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Discuss Serrated washers on steel conduit in the Industrial Electrician Talk area at ElectrciansForums.co.uk.

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  1. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    Whats the opinion in serrated washers with galv steel conduit? I was always taught at college to have one in between coupler and accessory and coupler and trunking, wether being used as the cpc or a separate cpc.

    I was at a job today where they are installing a trunking/conduit system but are not using serrated washers, I mentioned it but basically got told to shut up! Couldn't really come up with a good answer, they just said it's not being used as the earth. I said it could carry significant fault current so the system need some to be mechanically and electrically sound.
     
  2. Rosco
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    Rosco Regular EF Member

    Location:
    Maidstone
    Isn't that why we bond the trunking or metal box or conduit box that said conduit is attached to? I've never used serrated washers or been told to do so.
     
  3. soms
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    soms Trainee Access

    Location:
    Somerset
    I'm interested to hear what others think about things like this. We are taught that metal conduit and trunking must be earthed regardless of whether or not it is used as a c.p.c. (as it is an exposed conductive part) and that you should achieve electrical continuity throughout the containment system. However, we have not been taught to use of serrated washers. Another one is scraping paint of metal backboxes etc. Reminds me to refer to the text books I have (mixture of old JTL/CITB and some new) and see what is said.
     
  4. westward10
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    westward10 In echoed steps I walk across an empty dream. Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    Northamptonshire
    I like seeing serrated washers as you say just because a separate cpc is incorporated it is just important the conduit is effectively earthed. Of course a correctly installed system should ensure continuity but I do like them.
     
  5. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    I like to see them aswell, but not a good reason. If it was my job they would be fitted, but not much I can do!
     
  6. LankyWill
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    LankyWill Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    Northants
    I went in the wholesaler the other to get some for a large swa gland, the look of dismay from the bloke behind counter was priceless. He said we dont stock any serrated washers....
     
  7. westward10
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    westward10 In echoed steps I walk across an empty dream. Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    Northamptonshire
    I have had trouble getting brass nuts and bolts for banjos recently.
     
  8. 7029 dave
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    7029 dave Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    bedfordshire
    Okay, what the hell is a serrated washer.?
     
  9. westward10
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    westward10 In echoed steps I walk across an empty dream. Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    Northamptonshire
    Serious.
     
  10. 7029 dave
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    7029 dave Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    bedfordshire
    Never heard of the term.Got a pic?
     
  11. westward10
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    westward10 In echoed steps I walk across an empty dream. Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    Northamptonshire
    Can't do this putting picture up bits. How about shake proof washer, same thing, Google it.
     
  12. 7029 dave
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    7029 dave Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    bedfordshire
    Just googled it, and can say don't see the connection with conduit work or any kind. Never used them in my day.
     
  13. buzzlightyear
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    buzzlightyear Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    star command
    upload_2017-4-4_21-0-15.png not used them in long time
     
  14. westward10
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    westward10 In echoed steps I walk across an empty dream. Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    Northamptonshire
    You can get them in conduit sizes and fit between the coupler and enclosure, makes for good continuity.
     
  15. 7029 dave
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    7029 dave Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    bedfordshire
    What is wrong with bush and coupler, bush spanner used of course.?
     
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  16. drzsta
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    drzsta Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    S.Wales
    Never used them in any conduit system. Why would a competently installed conduit run with threaded fittings require serated washers for earth continuity?

    Anything painted I rather get good contact with an earth prep tool like G&j Hall manufacture.
     
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  17. 7029 dave
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    7029 dave Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    bedfordshire
    Same, folk can't be arsed today to spend a bit of time cleaning the accessory up to obtain good continuity.
     
  18. westward10
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    westward10 In echoed steps I walk across an empty dream. Electrician's Arms

    Location:
    Northamptonshire
    As I said in #4 a well installed system shouldn't need them but I still like them.
     
  19. Marvo
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    Marvo GMES....You absolute beauty. YOU ROCK DUDE!!!! Staff Member

    Location:
    South Africa
    They're known as star washers in this neck of the woods. Generally used to provide a mechanical lock for a nut especially in a vibration environment. Do they actually do anything to improve earth impedance on steel conduit systems? I've never seen them specified to improve the impedance of a joint, my initial thoughts would be that they may even decrease the contact area or maybe could strip the galvanising off one of the surfaces and accelerate corrosion so could even be detrimental... (**tin hat on**)
     
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  20. Des 56
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    Des 56 Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    Gliese 581C
    Here,here
    Not only have I never seen or heard of washers (serrated or otherwise) being used on a conduit system,the action of introducing two extra surfaces to retain continuity (where no action should be required) seems to be making the continuity and effectiveness of passing a high current worse.
    If it was the case it is a better practice why were we not doing so decades since
     
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  21. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    I thought that we were. My understanding that in England the method was different in Scotland, so I'd be interested hearing from Scottish members.
     
  22. Rob
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    Rob Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    North west
    I've always used flanged couplers that incorporate a lead washer for when I used to install conduit systems. Although that was also a requisite for the M&Q regs I was working to at the time.
     
  23. Pete999
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    Pete999 Trusted Advisor

    Top Poster Of Month

    Location:
    Northampton
    All right I know I'm going to get some sheet over this, to answer a question someone posed the reason why they didn't use these things years ago was/is because installation standards have gone by the wayside, how many sparkys clean the ends of couplers when used as an end to be fitted into an accessory? how may file the lock nut? how many clean the paint from an accessory box? go figure.
     
  24. Des 56
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    Des 56 Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    Gliese 581C
    Wales is my experience, but I would have thought the whole of the UK was more unified back then,especially trade practices concerning serrated washers :)
     
  25. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    Looks like I don't really have an argument.
     
  26. streamer
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    streamer Regular EF Member

    Location:
    Scottish Borders
    Where did you go to College Rocboni? I'm from the same area as you and I'm sure we were taught to use them at college. Also, it was standard practice when I worked for a large contractor in Glasgow. As was lock rings behind couplers, which you don't always see.
     
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  27. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    Scottish Borders.
     
  28. streamer
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    streamer Regular EF Member

    Location:
    Scottish Borders
    Me too. Although it was the old one up the hill about 20 years ago.
     
  29. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    You'll have been taught by Kenny Redpath then?
     
  30. streamer
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    streamer Regular EF Member

    Location:
    Scottish Borders
    Yes, is he still on the go? He must be a fair age now.
     
  31. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    Yes but no longer teaches, used to come in to cover the odd day right up to last year, he's got two young (less than 5) kids and an Asian wife!

    Who did you serve you're time with?
     
    Last edited: Apr 5, 2017
  32. streamer
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    streamer Regular EF Member

    Location:
    Scottish Borders
    Blimey! He did have a young Asian 'friend' when I was there.
    We used to call him Yoda! Malcolm Hood was the other one who taught us but he's back on the tools now.
     
  33. davesparks
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    davesparks Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    guildford
    I occasionally come across installations where serrated washers have been used, but they are normally older installations not recent ones.
    A local theatre has a conduit installation where serrated washers were used throughout and I think that part of the installation dates from the 1970's
     
  34. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    Our college completed in 2012 has them on everything, so still goes on, I do like them but doesn't look like I can justify them really.
     
  35. handyosprey
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    handyosprey New EF Member

    Serrated washers should be used in conduit/trunking installs. If you are fitting a complete c/t install why use earth cables ? Serrated washers at the trunking/bushing only side is acceptable where conduit forms part of a surface installation.

    I dont get why anyone would design a metal c/t install with earth cables unless the place is prone to corrosion.
     
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  36. Rocboni
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    Rocboni Trainee Access

    Location:
    Scotland
    The system in this particular install was designed by building services consultants and contains cpc's for all circuits. But I do agree, I personally don't think it makes a difference wether it has or not, I like to see the washers!
     
  37. davesparks
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    davesparks Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    guildford
    And if it is prone to corrosion then steel containment is not the most suitable solution
     
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  38. ipf
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    ipf Trusted Advisor

    Serrated washers, who cares with bushes anyway?
    Here's one for you....with serrated holes?

    IMG_0831.JPG
     
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    • Agree Agree x 1
  39. ruston
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    ruston Trusted Advisor

    Location:
    Northumberland
    Serrated and spring washers were mainly used for security as Marvo has said.
    Locknuts used to be common too , Along with castellated nuts and split pins.
    Then came the nyloc..
     

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